Improving Gut Health of Production Animals; Looking for Ways to Optimise Functional Feed Additives

Dec 9, 2015

One of the most important changes in livestock production over the past two decades has been the recognition of gut health as a key driver of animal performance. This phenomenon has been accelerated by increasing awareness of the impact of good livestock management profitability and the importance of disease prevention, as well as the search for means to reduce the use of antibiotics. Tim Goossens, Business Development Manager of Digestive Performance at Nutriad, discusses ways to enhance gut health and perfect functional feed additives. ...

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Is Feed Microbial Quality Attacking Your Profit?

Dec 9, 2015

In this article, Dr Gino Lorenzoni, Technical Director at Anitox, discusses the various factors which can compromise an animal’s ability to effectively process feed. These include: feed as a cause of enteritis, a condition prevalent among farmed animals; the lack of guidance on ‘safe’ limits for bacterial contamination in feed; variation of bacterial contamination within different batches of feed; and the possible effect of all these factors on how profitable an animal production operation will be. ...

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The Monitor’s Changing Role, Considerations for Electronic Data Capture (EDC) Implementation in Clinical Trials – Part 2

Dec 9, 2015

Electronic data capture (EDC) for clinical trials often follows a paper processing model. Following such a model is straightforward and can ease adoption of what may be new technology for an organisation. This approach, however, misses opportunities to leverage the technology to achieve further benefits. Karina Loyo, eClinical Trials Specialist, and Alicia A. Browner, Chief Technology Officer, at Prelude Dynamics, explain how to take full advantage of the EDC by providing practical information on shifting operational practices to the new trial management EDC system paradigm. ...

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Using Electronic Identification (EID) and Other Technological Advances in Small Ruminant Farming

Dec 9, 2015

Electronic identification (EID) was investigated in the early 1980s to accurately monitor and track farm livestock movements from one holding to another. In the UK, EID became a mandatory requirement for sheep identification in 2010. However, the potential for using EID technology to improve animal performance is scarcely exploited by small ruminant farmers in more extensive conditions. Dr Claire Morgan-Davies, Livestock Systems Scientist, and Harriet Wishart, part-time PhD candidate and Sheep Research Technician, at the Hill & Mountain Research Centre, Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) presents findings from studies exploring the possibilities of applying EID technology in small ruminant farming systems, particularly in extensive conditions. ...

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The Heart of the Matter – Reasons Big and Small for Participating in Clinical Trials

Dec 9, 2015

The reasons for participating in clinical trials are as varied as the participants. In this article, Denni O.Day, President and CEO of VetPharm Inc, explores some of those reasons from the perspective of the sponsor, the investigator, study site staff, pet owners and the study subjects themselves. A humorous and accessible take on the veterinary clinical trials industry, this article illustrates how trial participation can be beneficial to both pet and owner. ...

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Avoiding the Pitfalls of Preanalytical Variables in Animal Health Studies

Dec 9, 2015

Clinical pathology data are routinely collected during animal health studies in order to aid in the evaluation of a compound’s toxicity profile. Clinical pathology test results can be affected by factors occurring prior to sample analysis (preanalytical) and it is the potential impact of these factors, in particular, which can be easily overlooked at the time of data interpretation. Anne Provencher, Executive Director of Clinical Pathology for Global Preclinical Services, and William Siska, Clinical Pathologist, at Charles River, discuss the need for in-depth consideration of preanalytical variables, during both study design and study conduct, in order to reduce their potential impact on clinical pathology data. ...

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Phytogenics to Manage Reproductive Disorders in Ruminants

Dec 9, 2015

Reproductive disorders are one of the most critical problems that reduce the production and productivity of dairy cows. Failure in reproduction process leads to great economic losses to the farmers involved in livestock sector. Dr Srijit Tripathi, International Technical Manager at Ayurvet Limited, evaluates the benefits of treating reproductive disorders with phytogenics, a group of natural growth promoters used as an alternative to in-feed antibiotics. The history of the use of herbs for curing reproductive disorders started centuries ago, and the author outlines how these herbs can still be hugely relevant in practice today. ...

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Zoonotic Diseases

Dec 9, 2015

In this article, Zoran Katrinka, Councillor for Europe at the World Veterinary Association, takes a comprehensive look at zoonotic diseases; how they occur and how our rapidly changing population is affecting their prevalence. The author advocates a ‘One Health’ approach in the treatment of zoonotic diseases – a collaborative, international, cross-sectoral, multidisciplinary mechanism to address threats and reduce risks of detrimental infectious diseases at the animal-human-ecosystem interface (FAO). ...

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Anal Sac Adenocarcinoma; A Hidden Cancer

Dec 9, 2015

Tumours of the apocrine glands of the anal sac represent 2% of all canine skin and subcutaneous tumours, and 17% of all perianal malignancies. Most tumours are malignant (adenocarcinoma) with 46-90% of tumours having spread at time of diagnosis. Early diagnosis, aggressive surgery and adjunctive therapy are crucial in achieving the best possible outcome for an individual patient. In this review, Katie McNaught and Professor Jo Morris of the College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences aim to highlight the clinical signs and importance of early diagnosis and staging and discuss the different treatment options available. ...

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Routine Testing, Not Routine Worming, Should Form the Base of a Good Equine Worm Control Programme

Dec 9, 2015

In this article, Gillian Booth, Director at Westgate Laboratories, describes the problem of blanket worming of horses and how this can lead to worm resistance to important drugs. Booth covers in detail the history of anthelmic use, illustrating how the move to over-the-counter worming products is causing issues with resistance in the present day. Further to this, the author explains how resistance may develop and covers a variety of practical steps to slow it down. She concludes that there should be more of a focus on routine testing, rather than worming, to reduce the problem of resistance going forward. ...

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