UK veterinary antibiotic sales lowest in 25 years

Nov 6, 2018

Report shows 18 per cent fall between 2016 and 2017. Sales of veterinary antibiotics in the UK have fallen to their lowest level in 25 years, according to a report published by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate. The 2017 UK Veterinary Antibiotic Resistance and Sales Surveillance (VARSS) report shows that sales of veterinary antibiotics fell by 18 per cent between 2016 and 2017 to reach a low of 37mg/kg. Sales have also fallen 40 per cent since the publication of the UK AMR strategy in 2013. The report also found that sales of the highest priority critically important antibiotics fell by 29 per cent between 2016 and 2017 to 0.8 per cent of sales. Rural affairs and biosecurity minister Lord Gardiner said: “These results show an encouraging reduction of antibiotic use in pigs, poultry and other food-producing animals. I hope that the results will set a further example for our food and farming sectors to tackle the threat of antimicrobial resistance. “As we know, good farm management, biosecurity and animal husbandry systems... ...

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New swine influenza vaccine available

Nov 6, 2018

A newly developed vaccine against swine influenza is being launched in the UK by Hysolv Animal Health UK. The company said Respiporc FLUpan H1N1 protects against the pandemic strain of flu pdmH1N1(2009), which is particularly prevalent in the British Isles. Three weeks Two 1ml doses of the inactivated vaccine can be injected intramuscularly three weeks apart to pigs from 56 days old, providing immunisation to the majority of animals within seven days. Developed by IDT Biologika, the vaccine has been successfully used in Germany, where 1.7 million doses have been prescribed. Field trials have shown vaccination not only protected against clinical signs of influenza, it resulted in improvements in reproduction and piglet performance. Tandem The company is advising using the new vaccine in tandem with its existing vaccine – Respiporc FLU3 – to broaden protection. Respiporc FLU3 confers protection against three other strains of swine flu (H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2) and the company stated, when used together, “the two vaccines protect pigs against the most relevant strains in the British... ...

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TB confirmed in cats with no outdoor access

Nov 6, 2018

Vets said clinicians should be aware of the possibility of TB in young pedigree cats that may have been fed a raw food diet, even if they lack a history of outdoor access. Clinicians urged to get in touch with similar cases   Vets have confirmed three cases of feline TB due to Mycobacterium bovis. The cases, which occurred in two households in England, were reported in Vet Record letters (Vol 183 No 16). Authors said the cases are unusual in the sense that they occurred in young pedigree cats that had no history of outdoor access since they were adopted as kittens. In addition, both households were located in areas of the country that are deemed to be low risk for M bovis in cattle and other species. It was noted, however, that all three cats were fed a commercial raw food diet, but the significance of this is not yet clear. The cases were not ‘typical’ cases of feline TB, which present with cutaneous lesions at fight and bite... ...

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No deal Brexit risks shortages, delays and lower standards, warn vets

Nov 6, 2018

A no deal Brexit will exacerbate current shortages in the veterinary profession and create significant risks for trade, animal health and welfare, and food safety, according to a new briefing from the British Veterinary Association. Vets are central to ensuring standards are upheld in animal health and welfare, food safety and public health, and the prospect of Brexit has raised concerns that there will not be the veterinary capacity to carry out these fundamental roles, especially with regards to export certification. In a recent survey of the profession, nearly two thirds (64%) of vets felt that Brexit was more of a threat than an opportunity for the veterinary profession and nearly nine out of ten (88%) are concerned about the potential lack of veterinary capacity to undertake certification post-Brexit. Informed by the technical notices released by the UK government, the briefing outlines the impacts of the UK leaving the EU at 11 pm 29 March 2019 without a withdrawal agreement in place. Vet Shortages The veterinary profession is already experiencing shortages... ...

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Agriculture Ministers join forces to tackle antimicrobial resistance in farming

Nov 6, 2018

Marrakesh, 29 October 2018 – Today, political leaders in animal health from around the world met to discuss national action plans aimed at controlling the use of antimicrobials in order to address the global rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the animal farming sector. These discussions were part of the 2nd Global Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance and Prudent Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Animals, organised by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Antimicrobials are essential to control and treat infections in animals and humans, but they are losing their efficacy because they are not being used prudently and responsibly. The increasing movement of people, animals and goods across international borders enables resistant microbes to colonise the planet with ease, which impacts the future of food safety and security, animal health and human health. Speaking in front of official representatives from OIE’s 182 Member Countries, the ministerial panel – which included Ministers and Vice Ministers from Germany, Japan, Norway, Thailand, Botswana, Senegal, Serbia and Uzbekistan – spoke openly about their own... ...

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Reptiles added to Vetlexicon Exotis

Nov 6, 2018

Veterinary digital content specialist Vetstream has added Reptiles to Vetlexicon Exotis, its practical, peer-reviewed online clinical reference resource for veterinarians working with exotic species.  More than 898 items to assist the care and treatment of reptiles, chelonians and snakes, including 285 peer-reviewed articles on diseases, diagnostics, surgical techniques and formulary advice, 22 videos, 504 images and 87 owner fact sheets have been created for Exotis.  The service already contains detailed information on the veterinary care of guinea pigs and ferrets. The 25 authors who have contributed to Exotis are: Tariq Abou-Zahr BVSc CertAVP(ZooMed) ECZM(Avian) MRCVS Livia Benato GPCert(ExAP) DVM MRCVS British Chelonia Group Sarah Brown MA VetMB CertZooMed MRCVS Kirsty Dewhurst FdSc RVN C&G CertVN Exotics Tom Dutton BVM&S CertAVP(ZooMed) DipECZM(Avian) MRCVS Jo Hedley BVM&S DZooMed(Reptilian) DipECZM(Herpetology) MRCVS Robert Johnson BVSc MANZCVS(Feline Med) CertZooMed BA Bruce Maclean BSc(VetSci) BVM&S MRCVS Sonya Miles BVSc CertAVP(ZooMed) MRCVS Allan Muir BVM&S MSc MRCVS Mark Naguib BVMS CertAVP(ZM) MRCVS Sarah Pellett BSc(Hons) MA VetMB CertAVP(ZooMed) DZooMed(Reptilian) MRCVS David Perpiñán DVM MSc PhD DipECZM(Herpetology) Siuna... ...

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Ministers agree on international action to address antimicrobial resistance in animals and to safeguard medicines for humans and animals alike

Nov 6, 2018

Marrakesh, 31 October 2018 –  The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) hosted this week global leaders in animal health from the private and public sectors and civil society to discuss new ideas and solutions to the global rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The three-day event was placed under the high patronage of his majesty Mohammed VI, King of Morocco. Entitled the 2nd Global Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance and Prudent Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Animals, it focussed on the role played by animal health in what is one of the 21st century’s starkest global health challenges. Prevention of AMR in farming is critical to human health, as well as to food safety, food security, animal health and animal welfare. Antimicrobials are used around the world to control and treat infections in animals and humans, but their overuse and misuse puts their efficacy at risk. Unprecedented movements of people, animals, goods and food worldwide, enable resistant pathogens to populate the planet with ease. The conference was attended by more than 500... ...

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NUTRIAD INVESTS IN AQUACULTURE TEAM INDIA

Oct 30, 2018

Multinational feed additives producer, a pioneer in species specific health and nutrition solutions for aquaculture producers, announces the appointment of Mr. Goud DHANUNJAYA as Regional Sales Manager Aquaculture for the Indian sub-continent (ISC).  The move is part of the continuous strategic expansion of Nutriad into the rapidly developing aquaculture market, aiming to have experienced local staff in key markets. Mr. Goud has a Master of Fisheries Science (Aquaculture) from the College of Fisheries, Ratnagiri, India and 15 years of hands on experience in aquaculture sales and technical support to shrimp farms, shrimp hatcheries, aqua feed manufacturers and fish growers in Asia. The Indian sub-continent has shown tremendous growth in aquaculture during the past decade. The shrimp production in India has boomed from around 100,000MT in 2010 to over an estimated 800,000MT this year, whereas Bangladesh has dramatically increased the volume of farmed freshwater fish such as catfish, carp and tilapia. As a result, India is expected to become the number one producer of shrimp, surpassing China, in 2019. The ISC... ...

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Leading scientists to deliver ‘crash course’ in animal breeding

Oct 30, 2018

Course to give vets and livestock professionals a refresher in genetics World-leading scientists at Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) will deliver a ‘crash course’ in animal breeding next month. Delivered in tandem with Agrimetrics, Vetnomics is intended for practising vets, their clients, interested farmers, retailers, genomic services providers and breeding companies. The course will give vets and livestock professionals a refresher in basic genetics – from the latest developments in genotyping and sequencing to the best assessment and management of animals based on their genetic merit. Course organiser Dr Steph Smith said the programme is designed to bring attendees up to speed on the application of genomics by taking them away from their day jobs for as short a time as possible. “Vetnomics provides a comprehensive but condensed introduction to genetics and genomics in animal breeding and their use in practice in just two days,” she said. The course will include a practical demonstration by Neogen, a company that provides genomics services for agricultural, livestock and food customers in Europe. SRUC... ...

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New test detects Johne’s disease in day-old calves

Oct 30, 2018

Researchers assess effectiveness of new Actiphage system Researchers have developed a new diagnostic system that can reliably detect Johne’s disease in the blood of day-old calves. The Actiphage system, unveiled at the European Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (EAVLD) Congress, can identify live mycobacterial infection in a range of tissue types, including blood and faeces. Current tests for Johne’s disease only allow the reliable detection ofMycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in 18-24 month calves and are unable to distinguish between active and passive infection. In a 16-month trial, researchers tested PBD Biotech’s Actiphage Rapid Kit and Biosellal’s Bio-T Kit on calves from three different herds. The calves were born from MAP-positive and MAP negative calves, and the tests were carried out on both blood and faeces samples. Researchers found that the Actiphage system could identify live MAP infection at least four weeks earlier than the faecal PCR in 75 per cent of cases. In one case, the new diagnostic detected MAP in the blood of a one-day-old calf born from a... ...

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