Researchers develop new viral vectored poultry vaccine

Jul 2, 2018

Development could lead to vaccines that target multiple avian diseases  A new recombinant vaccine that is effective against Marek’s disease (MD) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) has been developed by researchers at the Pirbright Institute. Most poultry vaccines use a modified herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) to induce protection against poultry diseases, including MD and IDB. When used alone, these vaccines are highly effective. However, they often fail to activate sufficient immune responses when combined with other HVT vaccines. The new vaccine uses a viral vector called SB-1, which has a long history of working as a combined vaccine with HVT. By genetically modifying the SB-1 strain, the team at Pirbright were able to insert protective genes from the IBD virus and confirm that the resulting virus could provide immunity against both diseases. Writing in npj Vaccines, the researchers show the vaccine could provide immunity against IBDV infection at the same level as HVT vectored vaccines. With further advantage of complementing HVT vectored vaccines, the new SB-1 vector offers potential for... ...

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Outrage over possible export of wild-caught animals to China

Jul 2, 2018

Letter appears to request endangered species from Africa  Wildlife groups are urging the Chinese authorities not to allow imports of wild-caught endangered animals from Central Africa. The plea comes after the details of a letter came to light, referencing a request from a Chinese company asking for wild animals to be exported to two zoos in China. According to the Born Free Foundation, the letter refers to a request for 12 mountain gorillas, 16 bonobos, 16 chimpanzees, eight African manatees and 20 okapi, to be sent from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), to Taiyuan and Anji Zhonghan zoos. Born Free says the letter was a response to Mr Liu Min Heng, CEO of Tianjing Junheng International Trade Corporation Ltd; from DRC’s environment minister, Dr Amy Ambatobe Nyongolo. It proposes to send a team from the DRC’s Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature to inspect the zoos’ premises in China. Will Travers OBE, who is co-founder and president of Born Free, said: “There is nothing to suggest that... ...

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NUTRIAD HOST TRADITIONAL HERRING PARTY

Jun 29, 2018

At the VIV in Utrecht (Netherlands) multinational feed additives producer Nutriad once more hosted a traditional herring party. A large group of industry professionals and academics joined the Nutriad team to make this traditional event a great success. Every year in June, at the start of the summer, a Dutch tradition creates networking opportunities across the country. Attending a Herring party is as much about meeting interesting people as it is about eating herring and most would argue the former is paramount. The Dutch  have been eating raw herring for hundreds of years and at the VIV Nutriad invited business partners, colleagues and friends to share this tradition. Enjoying local drinks, herring and live music the event was received very positively by the international visitors.  “Our guests at the VIV in Utrecht have come to expect a herring party from us. At the end of another long day at the show they like to join friends and partners from the industry at our booth. This is the moment where we focus... ...

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Product defect recall

Jun 25, 2018

Three batches of Crovect ectoparaciticide for sheep are being recalled due to a possible pack defect, which may cause caps to split. A batch-specific, product defect recall alert has been issued for Crovect 1.25% w/v pour-on solution for sheep (Vm 00879/4017) by Elanco Animal Health. VMD statement A statement from the VMD read: “We wish to make wholesalers aware Elanco Animal Health has issued a recall of Crovect 1.25% w/v pour-on solution for sheep (Vm 00879/4017). “The recall is due to the possible presence of a defect in the pack, which may cause the caps to split.“ The issue impacts the following batches of 0.8L bottles only (product, batch and expiry date): Crovect 1.25% w/v pour-on solution for sheep, 20556, 04/2019 Crovect 1.25% w/v pour-on solution for sheep, 20723, 07/2019 Crovect 1.25% w/v pour-on solution for sheep, 20822, 04/2019 ...

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Study detects dogs’ understanding of emotions behind human expression

Jun 25, 2018

Results show the right side of the brain plays a more important part in regulating the sympathetic outflow to the heart – a fundamental organ for control of the fight or flight behavioural response. Dogs can understand the emotions behind an expression on a human face and use different parts of their brains to process that emotion, according to a study. The work further adds to research showing the canine brain can pick up on emotional cues contained in a person‘s voice, body odour and posture, and read their faces. Facial images In the study, scientists at the University of Bari Aldo Moro in Italy monitored reactions when they presented 26 feeding dogs with facial images of two adults expressing the six basic human emotions – anger, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise and disgust – or a neutral expression. The authors reported: “A bias to turn the head towards the left (right hemisphere) rather than the right side was observed with human faces expressing anger, fear and happiness emotions, but an... ...

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Vets raise concerns over poultry welfare due to CO2 shortages

Jun 25, 2018

The majority of media coverage on the current carbon dioxide (CO2) shortages has focused on the impact on supplies of food and drink but there is far less coverage on the serious consequences for poultry welfare. CO2 is used to stun poultry in order to perform humane slaughter. If there are not adequate supplies of CO2 to slaughterhouses, this could result in a backlog of animals leading to a critical animal welfare situation on farms if they cannot be processed. In addition, the lack of CO2 would also affect the ability of farms to carry out emergency slaughter on site. Along with colleagues in the poultry industry, the veterinary profession is calling on all major gas producers to prioritise CO2 supplies to slaughterhouses in order to ensure standards of animal welfare are maintained and to keep the food chain moving. The British poultry industry has some of the highest welfare standards in the world and action must be taken to ensure that these CO2 shortages do not jeopardise the UK’s... ...

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BVA welcomes Cabinet Secretary’s statement on improving pet welfare in Wales

Jun 25, 2018

Measures outlined in the statement from Cabinet Secretary for Energy, Planning and Rural Affairs, Lesley Griffiths, included a commitment to improving dog breeding regulations, a review of microchipping regulations and an exploration of what veterinary provision, assistance and advice is available for those who need help in caring for their pets. The statement also signals that the Welsh Government will be publishing newly revised Codes of Practice for horses and dogs as well as reviewing the existing Codes for cats and rabbits over the coming months. Work will also start on identifying any need for further codes such as for exotic pets or racing greyhounds. Sarah Carr, BVA Welsh Branch President, said: “We’re delighted to see that the Welsh Government is continuing to keep animal welfare, and in particular irresponsible breeding of dogs, at the top of their agenda. “Sadly, as vets we frequently see examples of animal suffering caused by bad breeding practices and irresponsible dog ownership. There are particular challenges presented by the large numbers of puppies bred... ...

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George Eustice announces funding for Bovine Viral Diarrhoea

Jun 25, 2018

Farming minister George Eustice has announced a £5.7million funding package to help farmers tackle Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD). The funding will be available in England for three years through the Rural Development Programme and farmers will be able to apply for one-to-one farm advisory visits by a veterinary practitioner. The project will recruit local vets who will then work with keepers of breeding cattle to tackle BVD on their farms. ...

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EU court rules against bird trapping in Malta

Jun 25, 2018

Move bans trapping of goldfinches for trade An EU court has ruled Malta’s practice of trapping goldfinches ‘barbaric’ and ‘unsustainable’. According to The Guardian, the island now faces huge fines unless it brings an end to a derogation that allows the birds to be caught. Ariel Brunner, senior head of policy at BirdLife, said: “Today’s court judgment sends a message that the rule of law must be respected. It should mark the end of indiscriminate trapping, which is a completely unsustainable and barbaric practice.” Since the derogation was introduced in 2014, some 110,000 finches are thought to have been caught by hunters. The birds are usually kept in tiny cages for their song or traded. According to BirdLife International, most of these birds die after some time, while others are kept in an attempt to breed them in captivity. The birds that do survive are used to attract others the following season. Under the European Birds Directive, trapping is not allowed and bans the use of nets as a means... ...

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South Korean court rules against killing dogs for meat

Jun 25, 2018

Dog farm owner prosecuted in landmark case  A South Korean court has ruled that the killing of dogs for meat is illegal, in what campaigners are calling a landmark case that could pave the way for a ban on dog meat consumption in the country. According to media reports, animal rights group Care brought a case against a dog meat farm operator, accusing him of killing dogs without proper reason and violating building and hygiene regulations. On Thursday (21 June), a city court in Bucheon ruled that meat consumption is not a legal reason to kill dogs. The operator was convicted and fined 3 million won (£2,000). Care says it plans to track down other dog meat farms and slaughterhouses across South Korea and file similar complaints to the judicial authorities. Dog meat has long been part of South Korean cuisine and it is estimated that around one million dogs are eaten every year in the country. However, the practice is in decline, particularly among the younger generation who are... ...

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